`arsh e haq hai
maiN Madīnay chala
woh kamāl e husn
meerāN waliyoN ke imām
tera naam Khwaja
alwada alwada mah e Ramazan
`arsh e haq hai
maiN Madīnay chala
woh kamāl e husn
meerāN waliyoN ke imām
tera naam Khwaja
alwada alwada mah e Ramazan
Qādī ʿIyad radīyAllahu ʿanh states in al-Shifāʿ (2:44): It is part of the respect of the beloved Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam that one must respect all things around him. This includes those things that are linked or attached (directly or indirectly) to the beloved Prophet, the places he visited, the places he resided in, all those things that our Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam touched, everything that was mentioned in praise by him, all of these must be regarded as sacred and respected.” Al’hamdu lillah!
It was this love an obligation that all the blessed Companions, both the Salaf and Khalaf and the entire Ummah of the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam respect everything single thing associated to our Master sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam.
Ibn al-Sirrīn radīyAllahu ʿanh states: I informed ʿUbayda radīyAllahu ʿanh that I had some of the blessed hairs of the noble Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam which were gifted to me by ʿAnas radīyAllahu ʿanh. Having heard this ʿUbayda radīyAllahu ʿanh said, “If I were to receive a single hair of the beloved Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam this is more beloved to me than everything in the world.”
Umm al-Muʿminīn Sayyidah Saffiyah radīyAllahu ʿanha states: The hair of Abu Mahzura radīyAllahu ʿanh was always tied. Untying his hair would result in it touching the ground. Someone questioned him, “Why do you not cut you hair?” He replied, “I cannot cut my hair, as the Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam has touched them.” (Al-Shifāʿ (2:44).
ʿĀsim Ahwāl radīyAllahu `anh states: I once saw a blessed bowl of the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam, it was kept by ʿAnas radīyAllahu ʿanh. It was very beautiful and was made of the Shamshad wood. It broke, so ʿAnas radīyAllahu ʿanh fixed it using a silver wire. ʿAnas radīyAllahu ʿanh stated, “I presented water to the Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam many times in this bowl.”
Ibn al-Sirrīn radīyAllahu ʿanh states that there was iron piece in the middle of the bowl. ʿAnas wanted to change this round iron into gold or silver. However, Talha radīyAllahu ʿanh disagreed, and said, “Never attempt to change that which was made by the beloved Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam.” After hearing this ʿAnas left it as it was.
This bowl was so valuable, and Nazr bin ʿAnas radīyAllahu ʿanh bought it for eight hundred thousand dirhams.
Once the beloved Prophet visited a place, Saqifa Bani Sawdah with his blessed companions. He asked Sahl bin Saʿad radīyAllahu ʿanh to give him some water to drink. Sahl radīyAllahu ʿanh presented a bowl of water, the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam and his blessed companions drank the water. Abu Hazim narrates, “Sahl radīyAllahu ʿanh brought that bowl to us, and we also drank from it. Later ʿUmar bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz radīyAllahu ʿanh was gifted the bowl by Sahl bin Saʿad radīyAllahu ʿanh.”
Abu Bakr bin Anbarī radīyAllahu ʿanh states: Amīr al-Muʿāviya radīyAllahu ʿanh wanted the blessed cloak that was given to Kaʿab ibn Zuhayr radīyAllahu ʿanh by the beloved Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam, after he recited the poem (Qasida Banat Suʿad), but Kaʿab radīyAllahu ʿanh refused saying, “How can I give away this blessed cloak, that was given to be my the noble Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam?” Later, after the passing of Kaʿab radīyAllahu ʿanh; Amīr al-Muʿāviya radīyAllahu ʿanh purchased the blessed cloak from the family of Kaʿab radīyAllahu ʿanh for twenty-thousand dinars.” (Ibn Hishām, Sharh Qasīda Banat Suʿad)
Qādī ʿIyad radīyAllahu ʿanh states: ʿAbd Allah ibn ʿUmar radīyAllahu ʿanh would approach the mimbar of the Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam and kiss that blessed place where the Messenger of Allah sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam sat and wipe his hands over his face (for blessings).” (al-Shifāʿ (2:44))
Qādī ʿIyad radīyAllahu ʿanh further states: Imam al-Malik radīyAllahu ʿanh would never ride on any form of transportation in the blessed city of Madinah al-Munawwarah. He would say, “I feel ashamed in front of the Lord Almighty that I take transport on animals on that blessed ground where my Beloved sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam is resting.” (al-Shifāʿ (2:44))
Imam al-Samhudi radīyAllahu ʿanh writes about the teacher of Imam al-Malik radīyAllahu ʿanh, Yahya bin Saeed radīyAllahu ʿanh: Whenever he intended to travel to Iraq he would first approach the mimbar of the beloved Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam, and after kissing it perform duʿa for a safe journey. (Wafa ul-Wafa (2:442))
Imam Ismaʿil al-Haqqi al-Baghdadi radīyAllahu ʿanh writes: The name of Iyad’s son was Muhammad. Once the king ordered, “Ask the son of Iyad to prepare water (of ablution) for me.” Iyad asked him, “What has my son done that you are not addressing him by his first name?” The king replied, “I am not in a state of ablution, thus I feel ashamed proclaiming his name (Muhammad), without being in the state of ablution.” (Tafsir Ruh al-Bayan (7:185))
Extracted from ‘Respect of the Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam’.
Definition of backbiting
Imam Abul Faraj ʿAbd ar-Rahmān bin Jawzī states: (Backbiting is) mentioning your brother in such a manner that would upset him, when he hears or comes to know about it, even if it is the truth. That is to say that you talk bad about or find faults in his personality, intellect, clothes, deeds, the statements that he makes, his lack of practice of the religion, his home, means of transportation, children, slaves, and everything that is associated with him. Even saying that his sleeve or shirt is too long is considered an act of backbiting.
Imām al-Haytamī has stated: The revered scholars concur that backbiting is to mention any shortcoming that the person possesses. Whether the fault is in his non-practice of religion, worldly affairs, personality, character, wealth, progeny, spouse, servant, slave, turban, demeanour and mannerism, attire, smile, lack of common sense, rudeness, politeness or anything related to him. Examples of backbiting about the other’s physique are: he is blind, crippled, bald, midget, lanky, and black or yellow etc. Whereas statements such as; he is corrupt, thief, embezzler, tyrant, lazy in offering salāh, disobedient to his parents, all these would fall under examples of backbiting about the other’s irreligiousness.
The Imām has further stated: It is said that backbiting is as sweet as dates and as caustic and exhilarating as alcohol. May Allah protect us from this evil. May He fulfil the rights (with His Mercy and Compassion) of those that we may have violated as He is the only One who knows the exact number of our violations.
~ Stated by Haytamī in az-Zawājir (2:19).
Imam Amjad ʿAlī ʿĀzmī has defined it as: Backbiting is to slander someone’s obscure shortcoming in his absence.
~ Stated in Bahār al-Sharīʿa (16:175)
The Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam warned us, “On Layl al-Miʿrāj (the Night of Ascension), I came across such men and women who were hanging by their chests. I asked, ‘Jibrīl! Who are these people?’ He replied, ‘These are the ones who slander people (with false allegations) in their presence and speak ill against them behind their backs. Regarding these people, Allah Almighty states in the Qur’ān:
ويْلٌ لِّكُلِّ هُمَزَةٍ لُّمَزَةٍ
Woe to every slanderer, backbiter.
(Sūrah al-Humaza verse 1)”
~ Recorded by Bayhaqī in Shuʿab al-Īmān (5:309).
The noble Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam has cautioned, “On Layl al-Miʿrāj, I came cross such a nation that were scratching their faces and chests with nails made of copper. I asked, Jibrīl! Who are these people?” He ʿalayhis salām replied, “They used to eat the flesh of humans (backbite) and would tarnish their reputation.”
~ Recorded by Abu Dāw’ūd in as-Sunan (4:353 #4878).
The blessed companion Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī radiyAllāhu ʿanh has narrated that the noble Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam stated, “The night in which I was made to pass through the Heavens, I came across a nation that was being fed flesh severed from their own sides. They were told, ‘Eat, as you used to eat the flesh of your brothers.’ I asked, ‘Jibrīl! Who are they?’ He replied, ‘O Master! They would backbite against people.’”
~ Recorded by Bayhaqī in Dalā’il an-Nabuwwa (2:393) and Tanbīh al-Ghāfilīn (pp. 86).
The Merciful and Compassionate Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam has stated, “Whoever eats the flesh of his dead brother (i.e. backbites) in this world, (that brother) will be brought close to him on the Day of Recompense and he (the backbiter) will be ordered, ‘Eat his carcass, (just as) you used to eat him alive.’ He will then eat his dead brother’s flesh and moan and cry (because of pain) expressing disgust from his facial expressions.’”
~ Recorded in Tabarānī in Muʿjam al-Awsat (1:450 #1656).
“Fast is armour until it is broken.” Upon which he sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam was asked, “What breaks it?” He sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam replied, “Lies and backbiting.”
~ Recorded by Tabarānī in Muʿjam al-Awsat (3:264 #4536).
Our beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “Fasting is not just abstaining from food and drink. Fasting is to (also) abstain from profane and irrelevant conversation.”
~ Recorded by Ḥākim in al-Mustadrak (2:67 #1611).
The beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam has warned us, “Four types of dwellers in Hell will be running amuck (without self control) between Hāmīm and Jāhīm (i.e. the scorching water and fire) seeking wayl and thūbūr (i.e. destruction). One of them will be eating his own flesh. The hell-dwellers will say, ‘What is wrong with this wretched soul, he is intensifying our suffering.’ They will be told, ‘This wretched person used to eat others’ flesh (backbite) and was a tale-bearer.’”
~ Recorded by Ibn Abī Dunyā in Zhammūl Ghībah (pp. 89 #49).
ʿAbdullah bin Masʿūd has narrated, “We were in the noble court of the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam when a person stood up and left. After his departure, another individual started backbiting him, upon which the noble Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “Pick your teeth.” The person asked, “Why should I pick my teeth as I have not eaten any meat?” The Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam replied, “Indeed you have eaten your brother’s flesh (you slandered him).””
~ Recorded by Tabarānī in Muʿjam al-Kabīr (10:102 #10092).
ʿAbdullāh bin ʿAbbās has reported that the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam saw dwellers of Hell on Layl al-Miʿrāj who were eating a dead carcass (of a person). The Prophet asked, ‘Jibrīl! Who are these people?’ Angel Jibrīl ʿalayhis salam replied, ‘They are those who would eat peoples’ flesh.’ The Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam also saw a person who was extremely red in colour and had blue eyes. He sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam asked Jibrīl as to who he was. Jibrīl ʿalayhis salam replied, ‘He is the one who severed the legs of the she-camel of Prophet Sayyidunā Sālih ʿalayhis salam.’
~ Recorded by Aḥmed in Musnad (1:553 #2324).
Our beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam has stated, “No companion should come to me with a talk about the other; I want to come to you with a clean heart.”
~ Recorded by Abu Dāw’ūd in as-Sunan (4:348 #4860).
Hātim has stated, “It has been relayed to us that in Hell the backbiter’s face will change into the face of a monkey, a liar’s face will change into the face of a dog and an envier’s face will change into the face of a pig.”
~ Stated in Tanbīh al-Mughtarīn (pp. 194).
The beloved of Allah sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam has stated, “Backbiting and tale-bearing sever one’s (faith) as the shepherd cuts the tree.”
~ Recorded by Tabrīzī in At-Targhīb wat-Tarhīb (3:332).
The noble Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam approached a grave in which the dweller was being punished. The Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam informed, “He is being punished because he would eat the flesh of other people (meaning backbiting).” He sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam then called for a fresh twig, planted the twig on the grave and said, “Until this twig remains afresh, his punishment will be lessened.”
~ Recorded by Tabarānī in Muʿjam al-Awsat (2:35 #2413).
It is stated in Radd al-Muhtār: It is harām (forbidden) to backbite against a minor child and an insane person, just as it is harām to backbite an adult.
~ Stated by Ibn ʿĀbidīn in Radd al-Muhtār (6:676).
The noble Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “Indeed, humiliating a Muslim… is of the major sins.”
~ Recorded by Abu Dāw’ūd in as-Sunan (4:353 #4877).
The beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “Whosoever harms a Muslim, he has harmed me, and the one harming me has harmed Allah.”
~ Recorded by Tabarānī in Muʿjam al-Awsat (2:387 #3607).
The beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam addressed the Ka’aba saying, “A mu’min’s sanctity is greater than yours.”
~ Recorded by Ibn Mājah in as-Sunan (4:319 #3932).
The blessed Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “A mu’min is he from whose hands and tongue other Muslims are safe.”
~ Recorded by Bukhārī in as-Sahīh (1:15).
 Shaykh Ahmad Yār al-Naʿeemī has expounded on this subject, “They were inflicted with the torment of itch. They would scratch and wound their own faces and chest with their sharp and pointy nails that were made of copper. May Allah Almighty grant us refuge from such punishment, as it is indeed severe. What the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam observed with his own eyes, will take place after the Day of Judgment.” He has further added, “Those people used to backbite against and disparage the reputation of Muslims. Women indulge in this more often therefore they should learn a lesson from this.” (Mirā’at al-Manājīh (6:619)).
 This was the wicked Qaddar bin Sālif from the nation Thamud.
 The grand master of Hadīth, Abd al-Haq ad-Dehlvī while elaborating on, “No companion should come to me with a talk about the other…” writes: Neither should we talk about their shortcomings, wrong actions and bad habits, nor should we say that he said this or he did this or that he was saying such and such. (Āshiʿat ul-Lamʿāt (4:83)).
The birth of a daughter is a great blessing. Below are a few blessed narrations of our Master Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam in this regard.
 Recorded by Tabrīzī in At-Targhīb wat-Tarhīb (3:46 #26).
 Recorded by Tirmidhī in al-Jāmiʿ (3:366 #1919).
 Recorded by ʿAbd al-Haq ad-Dehlvī in Ashiʿat ul-Lamʿāt (4:132).
 Stated in Sharh us-Sunnah (6:452 #3351).
 Begging is permissible in some cases; the lady must have been in such a helpless state that it was permissible for her to beg. (Stated in Mira’āt ul-Manājīh (6:545)).
 Recorded by Muslim in as-Sahīh (#2629).
Sayyidi Sheikh Naqi ʿAli Khan al-Qadri rahimahullah states,
“O Brethren! Your Lord Almighty states,
أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ ٱلدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ
I answer the call of the praying one when he prays to Me. (Sūrah al-Baqara verse 186)
And how excellent fulfiller (of supplication) we are. (Sūrah as-Sāffāt verse 75)
ٱدْعُونِيۤ أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ
Pray to me, I shall answer your prayer. (Sūrah Ghāfir verse 60)
So believe that He subhānahū wa taʿāla will not return you empty handed from His court and He subhānahū wa taʿāla will fulfil His promise. He subhānahū wa taʿāla says to His beloved and blessed Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam,
وَأَمَّا ٱلسَّآئِلَ فَلاَ تَنْهَرْ
And chide not the beggar. (Sūrah ad-Duhā verse 10)
(So then) how will He subhānahū wa taʿāla (himself) reject you? In fact, He subḥānahū wa taʿāla blesses you, which is why He subhānahū wa taʿāla delays in fulfilling your supplications”
~ Ahsan ul-wi’ā (p. 33)
Some blessed narrations regarding suhūr.
Our Master Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said,
“Eat suhūr for it is blessed.”
“The distinguishing factor between us and the Ahl al-Kitāb (People of the Book) is in the suhūr.”
“Allah subhānahū wa taʿāla and His angels send mercy upon those who eat suhūr.”
“When the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam would call one of his sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam companions to partake in suhūr with, he would say, “Come, eat this blessed food.”
“Eat suhūr to gain the strength to fast, and take rest in the afternoon to gain the strength to worship at night.”
“Suhūr is a blessing that Allah subhānahū wa taʿāla has granted you, do not miss it.”
“There are three people who will not be held accountable no matter how much they eat, provided the food is halāl (lawful),
“Suhūr is full of blessings, so do not miss it even you take a sip of water. Allah subhānahū wa taʿāla and His angels send mercy upon those who consume suhūr.”
ʿAnas bin Malik radiyAllāhu ʿanh said that the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam would say to me at the time of suhūr, “I intend to fast, give me something to eat,” so I would give him sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam some dates and water in a cup.”
Sā’ib bin Yazīd radiyAllāhu ʿanh narrates that the beloved Messenger of Allah sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “Dates are an excellent suhūr.”
The beloved Messenger sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “For a mu’min (believer) dates are an excellent suhūr.”
It is stated in the famous Arabic dictionary, al-Qāmūs: Suhūr is the food that is eaten in the morning.
A great Hanafī scholar Mulla ʿAlī al-Qārī says, “Some (scholars) have opined that the time for Suhūr begins at midnight.”
 Recorded by al-Bukhārī in as-Sahīh (1:633 #1923).
 Recorded by Muslim in as-Sahīh (#1096).
 Recorded Ibn Ḥibbān in as-Sahīh (5:194 #3458).
 Recorded by Abu Dāwud in as-Sunan (2:442 #2344).
 Recorded by Ibn Mājah in as-Sunan (2:321 #1693).
 Recorded by an-Nisā’ī in as-Sunan al-Kubrā (2:79 #2472).
 Recorded by Tabrīzī in At-Targhīb wat-Tarhīb (2:90 #9).
 Recorded by Ahmed in Musnad (4:88).
 Recorded by an-Nisā’ī in as-Sunan al-Kubrā (2:80 #2477).
 Recorded by Tabrīzī in At-Targhib wat-Tarhib (2:90 #12).
 Recorded by Abu Dāwud in as-Sunan (2:443 #2345).
 Stated by al-Qārī in his sharh (commentary) of Mishkāt al-Masābīh, Mirqāt al-Mafātīh.
Sahl bin Sa`ad narrates that our Master Muhammad sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “People will always remain well as long as they hasten to do Iftār.”
~ Recorded by al-Bukhārī in as-Sahīh (1:645 #1957).
The noble Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “My Ummah (nation) will remain steadfast on my Sunnah as long as they do not wait for the stars to appear for Iftār.”
~ Recorded by Ibn Hibbān in as-Sahīh (5:209 #3501).
Abu Hurayra radiyAllahu ʿanh narrated that the Master of Creation sal Allahu sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallamalayhi wa sallam said that Allah subhānahū wa ta`āla said, ‘Amongst My servants, the one hastening to perform Iftār are dearer to me.’
~ Recorded by at-Tirmidhi in al-Jāmiʿ (2:164 #700).
ʿAnas bin Malik radiyAllahu ʿanh states, “I never saw the beloved Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam offer the Maghrib prayer before eating Iftār, he sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam would first perform Iftār, even if it were with a sip of water.”
~ Recorded by Tabrizī in At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (2:91 #91).
Abu Hurayra radiyAllahu ʿanh narrated that our Master sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam warned, “This religion will always remain dominant as long as people hasten to perform Iftār since the Jews and Christians delay their Iftār.”
~ Recorded by Abu Daw`ud in as-Sunan (2:446 #2353).
Salman Fārsī radiyAllahu ʿanh narrates that the noble Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “If anyone serves a fasting Muslim with Iftār, angels will pray for his forgiveness in Ramadān and Jibrīl will pray for maghfirah (forgiveness) on the night of al-Qadr (Layl al-Qadr).”
~ Recorded by Tabarānī in Muʿjam al-Kabīr (6:262 #6162).
Our Master Muhammad sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “If anyone serves a fasting Muslim with water, Allah subhānahū wa taʿāla will make him drink water from my pond (hawd) and he will not feel thirst till he enters Heaven.”
~ Recorded by Ibn Khuzayma in as-Sahīh (3:192 #1887).
Salman bin ʿAmir narrates that the Prophet sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “When you do Iftār, do it with a fresh or dry date because it is blessed and if you have neither, then do Iftār with water because it purifies.”
~ Recorded by at-Tirmidhī in al-Jāmiʿ (2:162 #695).
ʿAnas bin Malik radiyAllahu ʿanh states that our Master sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam used to do Iftār with fresh dates before the (Maghrib) prayer. If fresh dates were not available he sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam would eat a few dry dates instead and if they were not available either, he sal Allahu ʿalayhi wa sallam would consume a few handfuls of water.
~ Recorded by Abu Daw’ud in as-Sunan (2:447 #2356).
According to a narration, “If anyone serves a person with Iftār in Ramadan with halāl (lawful) earnings, the angels will send Durūd upon him every night of Ramadān, and Jibrīl will perform musāfha with such a person on Layl al-Qadr (the Night of Qadr). Those who Jibrīl shall shake hands with, their eyes will shed tears (due to the fear of Allah) and their hearts will become soft.”
~ Recorded by al-Hindi in Kanz al-ʿUmmāl (8:215 #23653).
asalamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah
Some English books to read, some works alongside English are also available to be read in Arabic, Persian and Urdu.
Basic works of Fiqh
Ustadh Sheikh Asrar Rashid may Allah preserve him, on the superiority of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr as-Siddiq radiyAllahu ‘anh