Islam

Category: Tasawwuf

Good Companionship

by Seeker

There is no doubt that company has its effects, good company makes one good and bad company makes one bad. Therefore, one must always adopt the companionship of pious people.

It is stated in the Glorious Qur’an:

And restrain yourself along with those who pray to their Lord in the morning and evening, seeking His pleasure; and let not your sight fall on anything besides them; desiring the adornment of the life of this world? And do not follow him whose heart We have made neglectful of Our remembrance. (18:28)

The noble Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“A good companion is the one that helps you when you are remembering Him (Allah Almighty) and reminds you when you forget.”

~ Transmitted by Suyuti in al-Jami` us-Saghir (pp. 244 #3999).

“A person is on the religion of his companions. Therefore let every one of you carefully consider the company he keeps.”

~ Transmitted by Tirmidhi.

“The parable of a good friend and a bad friend is that of a carrier of musk and a blacksmith. The carrier of musk will give you some, or you will buy some, or you will notice a good smell; but as for the blacksmith, he will burn your clothes or you will notice a bad smell.”

~ Transmitted by Muslim in as-Sahih.

“A good companion is the one whose sight makes you remember Allah Almighty and whose actions make you remember the afterlife.

~ Transmitted by Suyuti in al-Jami` us-Saghir (pp. 247 #4063).

The Commander of the Faithful `Umar al-Faruq radi Allahu `anh said,

“Do not get involved in something that does not benefit you. Stay away from your enemy, and avoid your friend unless he is trustworthy because no one is like a trustworthy man… seek the advice of people who fear Allah Almighty.

~ Transmitted by al-Muttaqi in Kanz al-`Ummal (9:75 #25565).

Forgiveness

by Seeker

The blessed companion `Uqbah bin `Āmir radi Allahu `anh said that he had the honour to meet the noble Messenger of Allah Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam and he rushed to hold his sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam blessed hand. Our Master Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam also took a hold of the hand of `Uqbah and said,

“`Uqbah, The best manners of the world and the Hereafter are that you associate with those who disassociate with you, and forgive those who do injustices to you and whoever wishes for an extended life and abundance of sustenance should treat his relatives with kindness.”

~ Transmitted by Hakim al-Mustadrak `alal Sahihayn (5:224 #7367).

Our Master Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“Charity does not lessen wealth, and if a person forgives someone’s mistake, than Almighty Allah increases his (i.e. the forgiver’s) honour and respect. Whoever adopts humbleness for Allah, Allah elevates his rank.”

~ Transmitted by Muslim as-Sahih (#2588).

The noble Prophet Musa `alayhis salam once said,

“O Allah, the Exalted! Who is the most dignified one before you?” Allah replied, “One who forgives despite having the ability to take revenge.”

~ Transmitted by Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-Iman (6:319 #8327).

`Ubay bin Ka`ab radī Allahu ‘anh narrates: the Master of Creation Prophet Muhammad sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

“Whoever prefers that a palace be built for him in Paradise, should forgive the person who is unjust to him, and give to the one who deprives him; and mend relations with the one who tries to sever relations with him.”

~ Transmitted by Hakim al-Mustadrak `alal Sahihayn (3:12 #3215).

Jarīr radī Allahu `anh narrated: the beloved Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“Whoever is not merciful to others, will not receive mercy; whoever does not forgive, will not be forgiven.”

~ Transmitted by Ahmed in Musnad (7:71 #19264).

`Anas bin Malik radi Allahu `anh narrates: the Master of Madinah al-Munawwarah sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

“It will be announced on the Day of Judgment, ‘Whoever has there reward with Allah’s Mercy let them stand up and enter Paradise.’ It will be asked, ‘Who has this reward?’ The announcer will reply, ‘It is for those who forgave.’ Then thousands of people will stand up and enter Paradise, without any accountability.”

~ Transmitted by Tabarani in al-Mu`jam al-Awsat (1:542 #1998).

Umm al-Mu`minin Sayyidah `Ayesha (in a lengthy narration) said that the noble Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam would never return an evil act with an evil act, he sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam would rather forgive and tolerate.

~ Transmitted by Tirmidhī al-Jami` (3:409 #2023).

A person entered the court of the Merciful Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam and said, “O Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam, how often should we forgive our servants?” The noble Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam remained silent. He iterated again, “O Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam how often should we forgive our servants?” “Seventy times a day”, replied the beloved Prophet sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam.

~ Transmitted by Tirmidhī al-Jami` (3:381 #1956).

Interpretation of Bismi’llāhi ’r-Rahmāni ’r-Rahīmi

by Seeker

Interpretation of Bismi’llāhi ’r-Rahmāni ’r-Rahīmi
Shaikh `Abd al-Qādir al-Jailānī

Bismi’llāhi – The Solitary [al-Mutawahhid], the Unique [al-Mutafarrid], the Self-Sufficient [al-Mustaghnī bi-Dhāti-hi] who is independent of all the beings involved by means of His Names and His Attributes, the garments of occurrence and possibility.

’r-Rahmāni – For His servants whose external appearances are His Names and His Attributes, He has bestowed His Light upon them and extended His Shade toward them in their ways of life.

’r-Rahīmi – For them in their afterlife, He will deliver them from the darkness of the possibility expressed in the language of the Sacred Law as the Inferno [as-Sa`īr] and Hellfire [al-Jahīm], and He will guide them to the meadow of contentment and the garden of surrender.

 

 

 

Sayyid Tajuddin al-Kittani – The passing of a great saint in Damascus

by Seeker

The passing of a great saint in Damascus

Written by His Eminence

Sayyid Shaykh Muhammad Al-Yaqoubi

We sadly received today the news of the death of Sayyid Tajuddin Al-Kittani, a scholar who practised his knowledge, a righteous wali and respected Sayyid, after he spent 85 years in teaching and guiding people and reviving the Sunnas of the Elect, upon him all prayers and salutation be sent.

This is a great calamity and a serious loss, at which hearts may split and mountains could collapse, as the deceased was a pillar of sainthood and guidance in the Syrian territories.

He was a godly man, filled with trust, overwhelming with sincerity, while humility and asceticism added to his perfection.

He is the son of the famous scholar, Sayyid, Muhammad Makki Al-Kittani, who was the Malikite Mufti and the chairman of the league of the Ulema in Damascus. He accompanied his father and swam in the oceans of his knowledge and guidance. He studied the Islamic and Arabic sciences under various scholars of Syria; and after he graduated from Al-Azhar university he started teaching the Damascus secondary schools where generations of young students benefitted from him, while teaching the sacred knowledge outside schools till he retired. He then devoted the rest of his life to offering spiritual guidance to his students.

He received an ijaza from his father, who requested iajzas for him from many scholars such as the Grand Muhaddith sh. Badruddin Al-Hasani. He also received an ijaza from Sayyid Abdul Kabir ibn Al-Maahi Al-Siquilli and studied with him, alongside his father, the forty hadiths of Imam Ajlooni. He, after the death of his father, started leading the Tuesday dhikr gathering in the home of his father, which was moved later to Al-Dlamiyyah mosque in Salihiyya quarter.

He, may Allah have mercy on him, was a wali with a fast state, with strong spiritual impact and high aspirations in the spiritual world. His dua was answered, and he always tended to seclusion, keeping away from formalities, befriending his students, speaking always the truth, though he did not speak much.

He maintained a state of dhikr and practised the Prophetic sunnas and guarded the adabs of the shari’a revering anything related to the Prophetic Side, as his ancestors always did.

He, may Allah have mercy on him, was in great love with our family, the Al-Yaqoubis, holding my father in respect. He attended some of my father’s lectures on Risala of Imam Qushayri and the commentary of Hikam by Ibn ‘Ajeebah and referred to my father on tough shari’a questions and ambiguous sufi issues. He loved me and made several statements in praise of me, which I proclaim in thankfulness to Allah. I knew him since I was a little boy, while I am now at the age of fifty, and he always was a man of uprightness and firm state. He also knew how I had special attention from his father and that I got the iajza of his father several times and that I heard the musalsal hadiths from him.

He is the second son of Sayyid Makki. The first son of Sayyid Makki, who is seven years older than him, is Sayyid Muhammad Al-Faatih, living now in Syria. He is the imam of the gnostics and the remaining of the elders of the salaf and a distinguished wali in the Islamic World today. We pray Allah extend his life and allow Muslims to benefit from his presence.

Upon receiving this sad news with full acceptance of the decree of Allah and an absolute submission to His Divine Will, we beseech Allah to send His Infinite Mercy upon the deceased. We offer our heartfelt and sincere condolences to his two sons Dr. Abdul Rahman and Dr. Abdul Kabir, to his older brother, Sayyid Al-Faatih and to the rest of his brothers, and specially to his uncle, Dr. Idris Al-Kittani of Rabat, and to the entire Kittani family in Syria and Morocco as well as all his students. We pray that Allah put all good and barakah in his offspring and his brothers. We belong to Allah and to Him is our return.

Imam Ghazali On Evil of The Tongue from Ihyā’ ‘Ulūm ud-Dīn

by Seeker

An excerpt from al-Ghazālī’s Ihyā’ ‘Ulūm ud-Dīn

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Praise be to Allah Who made good the creation of man, and formed him in due proportion, and inspired him the light of faith with which He has adorned and beautified him, and revealed to him the faculty of speech therewith He gave him superiority over all of His creatures, and overflowed his heart with depositories of knowledge, and sent upon him a curtain from His mercy which He hung on it, and provided him with a tongue therewith to interpret what lies within the heart and mind, disclose what is concealed in him, tell the truth, and send praises and thanks for His favours on him.

I bear witness to the fact that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Almighty, the One and Only, Who has no partner with Him, and that Muhammad sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is His slave and Messenger, whom He honoured and exalted, and sent with a Book He revealed to him, made superior his favour, and clarified his ways.

Coming to the point: verily, tongue is one of the great favours bestowed by Allah on man, and His amazing and fine things. Although it is small in size, its sin and obedience have a great consequence. It is that the faith could be distinguished from disbelief only through the witness of tongue, and they represent the utmost degree of obedience and disobedience. Furthermore, there is neither existing nor non-existing, neither creator nor created, neither imagined or concrete, but that the tongue deals with it and either affirms or denies it. The tongue expresses of all the objects of knowledge whether in truth or in falsehood. This characteristic is lacking in all the other organs of the body. The eye, for instance, perceives only images and colours, the ear sounds, the hand the concrete bodies, etc.

The field of tongue is expansive and limitless, and it applies to both good and evil. If the tongue is released with nothing to rein it or bind its freedom, Satan then takes it to all fields of evil, and drives it to the verge of a bank that is about to collapse, until it leads him to perdition. Of a surety, nothing draws the people prone on their faces into the fire of Hell other than the evil of their tongues. None is saved from the evil of the tongue except he, who reins it with the rein of religious law: he releases it only in what benefits him in the world and the hereafter, and stops it from anything whose evil consequence is feared.

The knowledge of the praiseworthy and blameworthy states in which the tongue should be released and acting upon that accordingly is abstruse and difficult. The tongue is the most disobedient organ upon man. There is no trouble to be exerted to release and move it. The people have indulged in avoiding its evils and vices, and its traps and snares.

Abu’l-Fayd Dhu’l-Nun al-Misri radiyAllāhu ‘anh

by Seeker

Abu’l-Fayd Dhu’l-Nun al-Misri radiyAllāhu ‘anh

His name is Thawban b. Ibrahim. He was also called Abu’l-Fayd b. Ibrahim. His father was a Nubian.[1] He [Dhu’l-Nun] died in 245.[2] He excelled in this affair[3] and was unique in his age in respect of knowledge, pious scrupulosity, [spiritual] state, and good manners. Some people denounced him [as a heretic] to [the caliph] al-Mutawakkil[4] and the latter commanded that he be brought before him from Egypt. When [Dhu’l-Nun] appeared before him and admonished him, al-Mutawakkil began to cry and [ordered] that he be taken back to Egypt with honour. [Since then] each time someone mentioned pious people to al-Mutawakkil, he would cry and say: “Whenever one speaks of the pious, let them first mention Dhu’l-Nun!” He was a slim man with a light skin, whose beard was not white.

I heard Ahmad b. Muhammad say: I heard Sa’id b. ‘Uthman say: I heard that Dhu’l-Nun said: “Everything hinges on four things: the love of the Glorious One, the hatred of the insufficient[5], the observance of the revealed[6] and the fear of changing from one state to another.”[7]

I heard Muhammad b. al-Husayn – may God have mercy on him – say: I heard Sa’id b. Ahmad b. Ja’far say: I heard Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Sahl say: I heard Sa’id b. ‘Uthman say: I heard Dhu’l-Nun say: “One of the signs of the lover of God is his following in the footsteps of God’s beloved[8] – may God bless and greet him – in his character traits, his deeds, his precepts and his customs.”

Someone asked Dhu’l-Nun about ignoble people. He answered: “Those who neither know the way to God, nor try to know it.” I heard Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sulami – may God have mercy on him – say: I heard Abu Bakr b. Muhammad b. ‘Abdallah b. Shadhan say: I heard Yusuf b. al-Husayn say:  “One day I was at Dhu’l-Nun’s teaching session. There came to him Salim al-Maghribi and asked him: ‘Abu’l-Fayd, what was the cause of your repentance?’[9] He answered: ‘It was something really wonderful that you cannot imitate.’ [Salim] said: ‘For the sake of God, tell me about it!’ Dhu’l-Nun said: ‘I wanted to go from [old] Cairo[10] to a village in the countryside. I fell asleep in the desert, and when I opened my eyes I saw a small blind fledgling that fell from its nest onto the ground. [Suddenly] the earth cleft and there appeared [from the crack] two food bowls, one silver and the other gold. In one there were sesame seeds, in the other water. The fledgling ate from one bowl and drank from the other. I cried out: “This is enough for me. I have repented!” And I was waiting at God’s door until He [agreed to] receive me.’”

I heard Muhammad b. al-Husayn say: I heard ‘Ali b. al-Hafiz say: I heard Ibn Rashiq say: I heard Abu Dujana say: I heard Dhu’l-Nun say: “Wisdom does not live in a stomach filled with food.” Someone asked Dhu’l-Nun about repentance. He answered: “The common people repent from [their] sins, whereas [God’s] elect people repent from neglectfulness.”


[1] That is, he came from Nubia, Upper Egypt.

[2] That is in 859 or 860 C.E.

[3] That is, in Sufism.

[4] A caliph of the ‘Abbasid dynasty from 232/847 to 247/861.

[5] According to some commentators, the insufficient here refers to “this life and its attractions’’.

[6] That is, the Divine Law.

[7] According to commentators, this means change from a virtuous state to a less perfect one.

[8] That is, the beloved Prophet Muhammad sall Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

[9] The Sufi path usually begins with repentance.

[10] At that time the city of Cairo did not yet exist. It was founded in 359/970 by the Fatimid ruler al-Mu’izz. In Dhu’l-Nun’s time the capital of Egypt was located at Fustat (old Cairo).

METHOD OF SALĀT AL-GHAWTHIYYA

by Seeker

METHOD OF SALĀT AL-GHAWTHIYYA

After making complete wudū pray 2 raka’s. In each raka’, after reciting Sūrah al-Fātiha, recite Sūrah al-Ikhlās 11 times. After salām (concluding the prayer) recite Durūd Sharīf 111 times.

Then stand up face towards Iraq, Baghdad [Iraq is slightly left of the Qibla direction] and take 11 steps towards Baghdad.

On each step recite “Yā Sheikh ‘Abd al-Qādir Jīlānī shay-an lillah al-Madad” once. And after the 11 steps perform du’ā.

Please remember me in your prayer too.

The benefit of Saints

by Seeker

The benefit of Saints – A new release by Ihsanica Media

Taken from the three volume work Salwat al-anfās wa muhādathat al-akyās bi man uqbira min al-‘Ulamā’ wa al-Sulahā’ bi Fās (Solace of the breaths and discourse with the intelligent in mention of the scholars and righteous buried in the city of Fes) (Casablanca: Dar al-Thiqāfa 2004), by the Hadith scholar and scion of the Prophet’s family sall Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: Sayyid Abu ‘Abdullāh Muhammad b. Ja’far b. Idrīs al-Kattānī.

Benefits Of Saints (click to download or view).

http://www.Ihsanica.com

Sheikh Abu ‘Abdullah: I was in the company of the Sheikh for a period of over 20 years but I never saw him, other than on Fridays…

by Seeker

Sheikh Abu ‘Abdullah rahīmahullah  has stated, ‘Sheikh Abul Hasan Muhammad bin Aslam Tūsī rahīmahullah used to take utmost care in concealing his good deeds, to the extent that he once said, “If it was up to me, I would hide away from even Kirāman Kātibīn (the two respected angels who write down a person’s deeds) to perform the worship of Allah.’

The narrator states, ‘I was in the company of the Sheikh for a period of over 20 years but I never saw him, other than on Fridays, performing even two cycles of supererogatory (nawāfil) prayer. The Sheikh would take a pot of water into his special room and then close the door from the inside. I was never able to find out what he did in his room, until one day, when his son began to cry loudly. As the child’s mother began to try to calm the child down, I asked, “Why is the child crying so much?” Then the respected lady said, “This child’s father (Sheikh Abul Hasan Tūsī rahīmahullah) recites the Glorious Qur’ān in this room and cries [with fear of Allah], so this child also begins to cry upon hearing his father crying!”

Sheikh Abu ‘Abdullah rahīmahullah states, “Sheikh Abul Hasan Tūsī rahīmahullah, in order to protect himself from the perils of ostentation, would take so much care to conceal his good deeds that after performing worship in his special room and before coming out, he would wash his face and put Kohl in his eyes, so that nobody would be able to guess that he had been crying by looking at his face or eyes!’

Recorded by Abū Nu’aym in Hilya al-Awliyā’ (9:254).

…you must abstain from such acts which the people may hold as argument and defame the saints

by Seeker

Once a complaint was made to Fudayl radiyAllahu ánhu in a gathering that Sufyan bin Uyayna radiyAllahu anhu had accepted a royal gift. In the gathering, the saint evaded, after hearing the complaint, saying that it could not be so and Sufyan must have accepted his due and that too incomplete; but he, in privacy, seated him before him, advised him very softly and observed,

“O Abu Ali if you and I are not saints, but are friends of saints. That is to say we are considered to belong to their class; therefore you must abstain from such acts which the people may hold as argument and defame the saints”.

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