Lexically the term Taqbīl al-Ibhāmain is understood to mean the kissing of the thumb. However, by and large this term is understood to mean the kissing of the thumb and then brandishing it over the eyes on hearing the name of the beloved Prophet of Allah sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam, during the ad’hān, the iqāmah or any other occasion in affection and reverence to Rasūlullah sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam.
Respect of Rasūlullah sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam
A true Muslim always carries out orders of Allah Almighty. The following verse of the Qur’an commands us to pay due respect to the Beloved Messenger of Allâh sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam.
So you believe in Allah and His Rasūl and honour him.
Sharī’á disseminates the concept of respect for the beloved Prophet sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam
It is stated in Fath ul-Qadīr Sharh Hidayah and [Fatawa] Alamgīrī that:
Those deeds, which are intended for respect or honour, are liked.
For centuries it is a customary to perform the Taqbīl al-Ibhamain in affection on hearing the name of Sayyidunā Rasūlullah sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam.
The Munafiqīn of the recent era, dislike Respect of Rasūlullah sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam (Allah forbid)
The exasperated Munafiqīn of the recent era, state that this mustahab deed [of Taqbīl al-Ibhāmain] is a bid’ah [innovation] and preclude this system of showing affection towards Rasūlullah sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam. The sole objective behind branding this deed as bid’ah is to prevent us from paying due respect on hearing the name of our beloved Prophet sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam.
Taqbīl al-Ibhāmain is mustahab, lawful and commendable.
Sayyidunā Abū Bakr as-Siddīq used to practice Taqbīl al-Ibhāmain
Imam al-Daylamī has written is his book, Musnad al-Firdaus that Amīr Ul-Mu’minīn Sayyidunā Abū Bakr as-Siddīq recited the following Du’ā on hearing: I bear witness that Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam, in the ad’hān:
I bear witness that Muhammad şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam is the devotee and Prophet of Allah Almighty, I am blissful that my Rabb is Allah Almighty, my religion is Islām and Nabī is Muhammad sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam.
And then he touched both thumbs and inner surface of both index fingers on to his lips followed by brandishing them over the eyes.
On this, the beloved Prophet sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam said, “Whosoever practices this as my loving [friend] has done, will legitimize my intercession.”
Imâm al-Ajal ‘Allamah ‘Alī ibn Sultan Harvī Qarī [d. 1014] famously known as Mullah Alī Qarī has written in his book Mawdū’āt al-Kabīr concerning the kissing of the thumbs:
When a link has been proven up to Sayyidunā Abū Bakr as-Siddīq then it is [more than] enough for one to practice this, since the Beloved Messenger of Allah sal Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam has said that it is essential for you to practice my Sunnah and that of my honourable righteous Caliphs.
It is stated in Maqāsid Hasana fil-ahadīth Adaira alal Sunna,
Imam al-Hasan radi Allāhu `anh narrates, whoever hears ash’haduanna Muhammadar-Rasūlullāh being said and says, marhabam bihabībi wa qurratu aynī Muhammadi bin Abdillâh (Welcome be to my beloved! [Sayyidunā] Muhammad sal Allāhu `alayhi wa sallam son of Abdullāh radi Allāhu `anh the coolness of my eyes). After reading this, if one kisses his thumbs and rubs them on his eyes, then he will never be blind and never will his eyes hurt.