Islam

Month: November, 2011

The Chief of the Ahl as-Sunna is Imam al-Aadham Abu Hanifa

by Seeker

Sahl bin Abd Allah Tustari rehmatulla alayh, one of the great Awliya who has reached the grade of haqiqa (the highest grade in sufism), says,

If there had been a person like Imam al-Aadham Abu Hanifa (rehmatulla ta’ala ‘alayh) among the ummas of Prophet Musa and ‘Isa alayhis salam, they wouldn’t have turned into Jews or Christians.

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…you must abstain from such acts which the people may hold as argument and defame the saints

by Seeker

Once a complaint was made to Fudayl radiyAllahu ánhu in a gathering that Sufyan bin Uyayna radiyAllahu anhu had accepted a royal gift. In the gathering, the saint evaded, after hearing the complaint, saying that it could not be so and Sufyan must have accepted his due and that too incomplete; but he, in privacy, seated him before him, advised him very softly and observed,

“O Abu Ali if you and I are not saints, but are friends of saints. That is to say we are considered to belong to their class; therefore you must abstain from such acts which the people may hold as argument and defame the saints”.

Hawa álayhis salam’s Creation

by Seeker

Hawa álayhis salam’s Creation

Muhammad Ibn Isĥāq and Ibn ‘Abbas raDiyAllahu anhuma related that Hawa álayhis salam was created from the shortest left rib of Adam álayhis salam while he was sleeping and after awhile she was clothed with flesh. That is why Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala said:

O Mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam) and from Him (Adam) He created his wife (Eve), and from them both He created many men and women. (Surah al-Nisa’, verse 1)

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala also said:

It is he Who has created you from a single person (Adam) and then He created from him his wife (Hawa), in order that he might enjoy the pleasure of living with her. (Surah al-A’raf, verse 189)

Amīr al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar bin al-Khattāb raĎīyAllāhu ánhu: Name and Lineage

by Seeker

Amīr al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar bin al-Khattāb raĎīyAllāhu ánhu: Name and Lineage[1]

Faqīh al-Millah ash-Shaykh Jalāl ud-Dīn Aḥmad al-Amjadī rahimahulla

His blessed name is Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu. His kunya[2] is Abu Ḥafs and his blessed title is al-Fārūq[3]al-Aadham. His fathers name was al-Khattāb and his mothers name was Hantama who was the daughter of Hishām ibn al-Mughīra and the sister of Abu Jahl.

His ancestry connects to the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam ancestry eight generations prior to their generation.

He raĎīyAllāhu ánhu was born 13 years after the ‘Year of the Elephant’, and accepted Islam at the age of 27, six years after the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam announced prophet hood (nabuwwa). Prior to him, 40 men and 11 women had accepted Islam. Other scholars differed and said that he accepted Islam after 39 men and 23 women had already accepted Islam. (Tārīkh al-Khulafa)

It is narrated by at-Tirmidhi that the beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam would supplicate in the court of his Lord,

“Ya Allah, bless and strengthen Islam with whomever is more beloved to you from amongst Úmar bin al-Khattāb and Abu Jahl[4].”

It is narrated by al-Ḥākim through Sayyiduna Ábdullah ibn Ábbās raĎīyAllāhu ánhu that the Master of Creation śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam would pray,

“Ya Allah, strengthen Islam through Úmar bin Khattāb in particular.”

This du’ā[5] of our Master and Saviour of Mankind śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam was accepted and Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu accepted Islam.

—–

[1] Extracted from Faqīh al-Millah’s, Khutbat e Muharram: Madīnah to Karbala, pp. 119. Ahsan al-Ulama Publications. South Africa

[2] kunya: a respectful way of addressing people as “the father of so-and-so” or “the mother of so-and-so.”

[3] al-Fārūq: a name for the second khalif, Úmar ibn al-Khattāb raĎīyAllāhu ánhu. It means a man who makes a distinction between truth and falsehood or between cases.

[4] وَ قَالَ هَذَا حَدِيْثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيْحٌ : …and (at-Tirmidhi) said, this Hadith is hasan sahih.

at-Tirmidhi, Jāmí as-Ṣaḥīḥ, Book of Virtues, chap. of Virtues of Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu, vol. 5

Aḥmad, Musnad, vol. 2

Ibn Ḥibbān, Ṣaḥīḥ, vol. 15, pp. 305, Ḥadīth 6881

al-Ḥākim, Mustadrak, vol. 3, pp. 574, Ḥadīth 6129

Bazzār, Musnad, vol. 6

Ábd bin Ḥamīd, Musnad, vol. 1, pp. 245, Hadith 759

[5] du’ā: supplication to Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala

Amīr al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar bin al-Khattāb raĎīyAllāhu ánhu: The title of al-Faruq

by Seeker

Amīr al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar bin al-Khattāb raĎīyAllāhu ánhu: The title of al-Faruq[1]

Faqīh al-Millah ash-Shaykh Jalāl ud-Dīn Aḥmad al-Amjadī rahimahulla 

Amir al-Múminīn, our Master Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu recalls the time when he accepted Islam, and that the Muslims began to chant slogans with such passion that the noise emanating from the home of Sayyiduna Arqam raĎīyAllāhu ánhu could be heard by all in Makka al-Mukarrama. Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu asked the Master of Creation, our Saviour, the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, “Ya RasulAllah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, are we not upon the truth?” The beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam replied that they were indeed upon the truth. Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu then enquired as to why there was so much secretiveness and hiding (by the Muslims). The Muslims then departed from the blessed home of Sayyiduna Arqam raĎīyAllāhu ánhu in two lines. In one line there was the asad (lion) of Allah and His beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, the Martyr of Uhud, our Master Amir al-Hamza raĎīyAllāhu ánhu whilst on the other line there was Amir al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu. When the Muslims entered the sacred Masjid (Masjid al-Haram), the disbelievers amongst the Quraysh[2] were grieved to see Amir al-Mu’minin Sayyiduna Úmar and Sayyiduna Amir al-Hamza raĎīyAllāhu ánhum with the Muslims. On this day the Master of Creation śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam blessed Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu with the title of ‘al-Fārūq’ as he had established separation between haq[3] and batil[4].

—–

[1] Extracted from Faqīh al-Millah’s, Khutbat e Muharram: Madīnah to Karbala, pp. 123. Ahsan al-Ulama Publications. South Africa

[2] quraysh: one of the great tribes of Arabia. The beloved Prophet Muhammad sallAllahu álayhi wa sallam belonged to this tribe, which had great powers spiritually and financially both before and after Islam came. Someone from this tribe is called a Qurayshi.

[3] haqq: truth

[4] batil: falsehood

Sayyiduna Umar radiyAllahu anhu and the Christian monk

by Seeker

Abu Ímran narrates that Amīr al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar radiyAllahu ánhu once passed by a monk and remained standing there. Someone called the monk and told him that the Amir al-Muminin radiyAllahu ánhu was there. When the monk peeped out, the effects of difficulty, exertion and forsaking the world were clearly apparent on his face. Looking at him, Sayyiduna Úmar radiyAllahu ánhu began to weep. “But he is a Christian”, someone commented. Sayyiduna Úmar radiyAllahu ánhu replied,

“I know, but I feel sorry for him as I thought of the verse in which Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala mentions,

Labouring, striving hard. He shall enter the blazing fire.

I feel sorry for him because despite his exertion and efforts in this world, he shall still end up in the fire.”[1]

—–

[1] Al-Hindi, Kanz al-Úmmāl

Pledging of allegiance to Amir al-Muminin Sayyiduna Umar radiyAllahu anhu

by Seeker

Anas bin Malik radiyAllahu anhu narrates,

“I arrived in Madina al-Munawwara after Amir al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Abu Bakr radiyAllahu anhu had passed away and Amir al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar radiyAllahu ánhu had assumed the post of Khilafah. I said to Amir al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar radiyAllahu ánhu, “Raise your hand so that I may pledge at your hand what I pledged at the hand of your companion (i.e. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr radiyAllahu anhu, that will always listen and obey instruction to the best of my ability.” (Tabaqāt, Kanz al-Úmmāl)

Úmayr bin Atiyya Laythi radiyAllahu ánhu narrates that he went to Sayyiduna Úmar radiyAllahu anhu and said, “O Amir al-Múminīn! Raise your hand – may Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala always keep it high – so that I may pledge my allegiance at your hand in the manner shown by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala and His Rasul śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam.” Amir al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar radiyAllahu ánhu smiled and raised his hand saying, “This pledge gives us some rights over you and gives you some rights over us.”

Ábdullah bin Uqaym radiyAllahu ánhu says,

“With these hands did I pledge to Sayyiduna Úmar radiyAllahu anhu that I would always listen to and obey him.” (Kanz al-Úmmāl)

Amīr al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar bin al-Khattāb raĎīyAllāhu ánhu: His Physical Attributes

by Seeker

Amīr al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar bin al-Khattāb raĎīyAllāhu ánhu: His Physical Attributes[1]

Faqīh al-Millah ash-Shaykh Jalāl ud-Dīn Aḥmad al-Amjadī rahimahulla

Sayyiduna Zirr raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that Amir al-Múminīn Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu possessed brownish skin colour and due to head covering, he experienced hair loss. He was quite tall and so, his blessed head would seem higher than others when seated in a gathering. From afar, one would assume that he was sat on an animal.

Imam al-Wāqidī raĎīyAllāhu ánhu states that those who narrate that the blessed skin colour of Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu was brownish, do so as they have seen him at the time of famine and drought. At that time, he would apply olive oil on his blessed skin which resulted in his blessed complexion appearing to be darker.

Sayyiduna Ibn Saád raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that Sayyiduna Ábdullah ibn Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu was once describing the blessed physical features of his blessed father, Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu. He mentioned how Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu had a red and white complexion. In his final years his blessed hair had fallen and signs of old age were apparent.

It has been narrated from Ibn Raja through Ibn Asakir raĎīyAllāhu ánhu that Sayyiduna Úmar raĎīyAllāhu ánhu was a man tall in length and his blessed body was bulky. He had lost a lot of hair and his blessed skin was extremely white, with redness twinkling in it. His blessed cheeks were tightened into his blessed face. His blessed moustache was surrounded by a lot of space and surrounded with redness. (Tārīkh al-Khulafa, pp. 89)

—–

[1] Extracted from Faqīh al-Millah’s, Khutbāt e Muḥarram: Madīnah to Karbala, pp. 126. Aḥsan al-Úlama Publications. South Africa. Translated by Hafidh Umar Khan Mueeni

The bayáh (allegiance) of children who had not yet come of age

by Seeker

Muḥammad bin Álī bin Ḥusayn raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam accepted the pledge of allegiance from Imam Ḥasan, Imam Ḥusayn, Ábdullah bin Ábbās and Ábdullah bin Jáfar raĎīyAllāhu ánhum while they were all still youngsters who had not yet grown beards or come of age. The Master of Creation śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam did not accept the pledge of allegiance from any other children besides those of his family. (Narrated by Imam at-Tabarānī and Imam Haytamī in his Majmá).

Ábdullah bin Zubayr and Ábdullah bin Jáfar raĎīyAllāhu ánhuma have stated that they went to pledge their allegiance to the King of Madina al-Munawwara śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam they were only seven years of age. When the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam saw the two of them, He śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam smiled, stretched out His blessed hands and accepted their pledges. (Narrated by Imam at-Tabarānī, Imam Haythamī, Imam Abu Nuáym and Ibn Ásākir)

Ḥadīth on the excellence of Imam Ḥasan and Imam Ḥusayn raDiyAllahu anhuma

by Seeker

The beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam took the hands of Imam al-Ḥasan and Imam al-Ḥusayn raĎīyAllāhu ánhuma and said,

“These are my sons.”[1]

Mufaddal states that Allah tá’āla had veiled the names of Ḥasan and Ḥusayn raĎīyAllāhu ánhuma up until the beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam named his blessed sons Hasan and Husayn raĎīyAllāhu ánhuma.[2]

Salman al-Fārsī narrates that our Saviour and the Saviour of Creation śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

The two of them, yánī Ḥasan and Ḥusayn, are named upon the sons of Hārūn, Shabbar and Shabbīr[3].

Sālim raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that the Master of Creation śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

I have named these two sons of mine, Ḥasan and Ḥusayn upon the names of the sons of Hārūn, Shabbar and Shabbīr.[4]

Abu Rāfí raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates,

When Ḥasan and Ḥusayn were born, the beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam recited the adhan in their ears.[5]

Mawla Álī raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that the beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam performed the aqiqa for Ḥasnayn al-Karimayn (Ḥasan and Ḥusayn raĎīyAllāhu ánhuma).[6]

Abu Saeed al-Khudrī raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

Ḥasan and Ḥusayn are the chiefs/leaders of the youth in Janna.[7]

Mawla Álī raĎīyAllāhu ánhu states that the beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

Ḥasan and Ḥusayn are the chiefs/leaders of the entire youth in Janna.[8]

There are also similar narrations by Ábdullah ibn Úmar, Ábdullah ibn Masúd and Abu Hurayra raĎīyAllāhu ánhum.

Ánas bin Malik raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that the beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam,

We, the family of Ábd al-Muttalib are the leaders of the dwellers of Janna, which consists of Myself (the beloved Prophet śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam) Ḥamza, Álī, Jáfar, Ḥasan, Ḥusayn and Mahdī.[9]

Ábdullah ibn Masúd raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam stated,

Whomsoever loves me, it is compulsory upon him to also love the both of them (Ḥasan and Ḥusayn).[10]

Abu Hurayra raĎīyAllāhu ánhu narrates that the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

Whomsoever loved Ḥasan and Ḥusayn, has indeed loved me.[11]

Yazid bin Abu Ziyad narrates that the Mercy to all Creation, the beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam left the blessed home of Ummul Múminīn Sayyidah Ayesha raĎīyAllāhu ánha and passing by the home of Sayyidah Fatima az-Zahra raĎīyAllāhu ánha heard the cry of Imam Husayn raĎīyAllāhu ánhu and said,

Do you not know, his crying troubles me.[12]

Saád bin Abī Waqās raĎīyAllāhu ánhu that I presented myself in the blessed kingdom of the beloved of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam and saw Imam Ḥasan and Imam Ḥusayn raĎīyAllāhu ánhuma playing on top of the blessed stomach of the Master of Creation śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, so I said, “Ya RasūlAllah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, do you love them?” The beloved Messenger śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam replied, “Why should I not love them? For both of them are my (beloved) flowers.”[13]

—–

[1] Zahbī, Siyar an-Nubala

Daylamī, al-Firdous

[2] Nawawī, Tahzīb al-Asma

Ibn Athīr, Usad al-Ghaba fi Márifat al-Saḥāba

[3] Tabarānī, Mújam al-Kabīr

Haytamī, as-Sawāíq al-Muharriqa

[4] Ibn Abi Shayba, al-Musannaf

Aḥmad bin Ḥanbal, Faḍāýil as-Sahaba

[5] Tabarānī, al-Mújam al-Kabīr

Haytamī, Majmá az-Zawāíd

Sanani, Subl al-Islam

[6] Tabarani, Mujam al-Kabir

[7] Tirmidhī, Jāmí as-Ṣaḥīḥ, Chapter of Manāqib (virtues)

Nisā’i, Sunan al-Kubra

Ibn Ḥibbān, Ṣaḥīḥ

Ḥākim, al-Mustadrak

Suyūtī, Durr al-Manthūr

Aḥmad bin Ḥanbal, Musnad

[8] Bazzār, Musnad

Tabarānī, Mújam al-Kabīr

Haytamī, Majmá az-Zawāíd

[9] Ibn Majah, Sunan

Ḥākim, al-Mustadrak

Daylamī, al-Firdous

Ibn Ḥajar Ásqalāni, Tahzīb al-Tahzīb

[10] Nisā’i, Sunan al-Kubra

Nisā’i, Faḍāýil as-Sahaba

Bazzār, Musnad

Abu Yála, Musnad

Ibn Ḥajar Ásqalāni, al-Isābah

[11] Ibn Majah, Sunan

Nisā’i, Sunan al-Kubra

Aḥmed bin Ḥanbal, Musnad

Tabarānī, Mújam al-Awsat

Abu Yála, Musnad

[12] Tabarānī, Mujam al-Kabir

[13] Bazzār, Musnad

Haytamī, Majmá az-Zawāíd

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