Islam

Month: July, 2011

A general rule of Usūl

by Seeker

An excerpt from the Ḥanafī textbook, Mukhtasar al-Qudūrī of Abul Ikhlā’s Ḥasan ibn ‘Ammar ibn ‘Alī al Shurunbulālī al-Wafa’i [964-1069] a major Ḥanafī Imām and muḥaqqiq [verifier] explaining the ḥalāl [lawful] and ḥarām [unlawful] in Islam:

We should realize that the permissible things are much more than the prohibited. In fact, the preferred view among the scholars of Usūl is that the general rule (with a couple of exceptions: sexual intercourse and meat, as we mention later on) is that things are permissible, and that the prohibited things are those which are excepted from this general rule through explicit mention of prohibition in the Qur’ān or Ḥadīth.

[Allah] is Who has created for you all of that which is upon the earth. [Qur’ān, 2:29]

Say: Who has prohibited the adornment [created by] Allah which He has brought forth for His servants, and the wholesome things of sustenance? Say: They are for those who believe in this world, [and] exclusively [for them] on the Day of Resurrection. [Qur’ān 7:32]

…He has detailed to you what He has prohibited for you…. [Qur’ān, 6:119]

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Excerpt from Shamā’il al-Baghawī

by Seeker

Imām Nawawī rahimahullah has stated:

There is a consensus [ijmā‘] of the ummah [after concluding Sūrah al-Fāteha] the worshipper should say āmīn. [Shamā’il al-Baghawī, pp. 448, urdu translation]

It is narrated from Abū Hurayrah radiyAllāhu ‘anhu that the beloved Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa ālihi wa sahbihī wa sallam said,

When anyone amongst you says āmīn, and the angels in the sky also say āmīn, so, if anyone’s āmīn coincides with the angel’s then all his past sins are forgiven. [Narrated by Muslim, Book of Salāh]

Imām ‘Aynī comments that the other hadīth are either referring to the imam or muqtadī [one who follows the command of the imām], or  both [imām and muqtadi], however the wording in this narration also includes the munfarid [lone worshipper]. In conclusion, whether it be the imām, muqtadi or one who is praying on his own, all of them must say āmīn after reciting alHamd, it is a sunnah and a great source of blessing.

The message of Imām Ahl as-Sunnah Imām Ahmed Ridā al-Qādrī radiyAllāhu ‘anh

by Seeker

Our Master the beloved Messenger sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam did not gain sharf  (highness of rank, exaltation, grandeur, glory, dignity, nobility) from anyone else, rather everyone/everything else was blessed with sharf from the beloved Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. (Fatāwa ar-Ridawiyyah (3:247))

In this world, the hereafter, everlastingly, (our) trust/dependence (ummīd) is in the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam, ‘aṫā (bounty, blessing, benefaction, favour, grant) from the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and madad (assistance, aid, support, protection, relief) is from the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. (Fatāwa ar-Ridawiyyah (3:208))

No one has ever gained any bhalā’ýee (goodness, excellence, virtue, merit, beauty, benevolence, welfare, prosperity) from other than the Master of Creation sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and no one has any dependence, or trust in gaining it from anyone else. (Fatāwa ar-Ridawiyyah (3:208))

The blessed wilādah (blessed birth) of the Master of Creation sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is the aṣl (essence/reality) of all blessings. (Fatāwa ar-Ridawiyyah (26:530))

The beloved Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is the most afdal (superior, most excellent, pre-eminent, highest) of all the Anbiya ‘alayhis salam, and the sardār (chief, leader) amongst all. (‘Aqa’id Haqqah, pp. 9)

The blessed knowledge of the beloved Messenger sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is more vaseé (extensive, broad, greater, abundant, plentiful) than the entire creation. To state that a mahlūq (a creation) has greater ‘ilm (knowledge) than the ‘ilm of the beloved Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is kufr (disbelief). (‘Aqa’id Haqqah, pp. 9)

To believe any ghayr Nabī to be more superior to a Nabī is disbelief. (‘Aqa’id Haqqah, pp. 20)

Upon hearing the blessed name of the Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam during the adhān, to kiss the thumbnails and brandish them over the eyes…is mustahab (desirable)…is an excellent act…and a blessed (act). (Fatāwa ar-Ridawiyyah (5:417))

It is fardh (obligatory) to proclaim the blessed name of the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam with the utmost respect. (Fatāwa ar-Ridawiyyah (15:99))

It is foolishness to seek knowledge from the ghayr muqallidun. (Fatāwa ar-Ridawiyyah (23:682))

Whoever strives for knowledge for the Hereafter

by Seeker

Imām Qiwām al-Dīn Hammād ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Ismā’īl al-Saffār al-Ansārī recited a poem by Imām al-‘Azam Abū Hanīfa radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anhu:

Whoever strives for knowledge for the Hereafter

obtains great gain in righteousness.

But he is in utter loss who seeks [knowledge]

to obtain advantage over people!

[Imām Zarnūjī, Ta’līm al-Muta’llim (Instruction of the Student: The Method of Learning), pp. 7]

Hadith: Whose hand was it that we saw?

by Seeker

‘Anas bin Mālik radiyAllāhu ‘anhu narrates: We were accompanying the beloved Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam, when suddenly we felt a cold wind and we saw a person’s hand (appear before us miraculously). We enquired from the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam: “Ya RasūlAllāh sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam what was this cold wind that we felt? And whose hand was it that we saw?” The beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Did you see the hand?” We replied, “Yes” The noble Messenger sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “It was ‘Isa bin Maryam (‘alayhis salām) who was greeting me.” (al-Khasā’is al-Kubra (2:152))

ash-Shifa’: The beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam’s blessed birth

by Seeker

There the signs which appeared when He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam was born and the wonders related by His sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam blessed mother rađiyAllāhu ánha and those present.

He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam lifted his blessed head when He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam was born, looking skywards. A light issued with him sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam when He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam was born. Umm ‘Uthman ibn Abi’l-‘As saw the stars lowering themselves and a light appeared when He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam was born so that she could see nothing but light.

The midwife, ash-Shifa’ Umm ‘Abd ur-Rahmān ibn ‘Awf rađiyAllāhu táālā ánha said,

“When He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam dropped into my hands and sneezed, I heard someone say, ‘May Allah Almighty have mercy on you!’ and the entire horizon was illuminated for me so that I could see the castles of the Greeks.” (Abu Nu’aym)

(Qādī ‘Iyād al-Malikī, ash-Shifa’, pp. 204, Chapter: The Miracles and Karamah of the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam Madīnah Press Inverness. Scotland)

ash-Shifa’: The Splitting of the Moon

by Seeker

Ibn Mas’ud radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anh said, “The moon was split into two parts during the time of the beloved Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. One part was above the mountain and the other part below it. The beloved Master of Creation sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, ‘Witness’” (al-Bukhārī) It is also related that Ibn Mas’ud al-Aswad radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anh said, “When I saw the mountains between the two halves of the moon…” (Ibn Hanbal)

Masruq radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anh said that this was at Makkah and added that the unbelievers of Quraysh said, “The son of Abu Kabsha has bewitched you.” One of them said, “If Muhammad has bewitched the moon, his magic is not such that it would extend to the entire earth. Ask those who have come from other cities whether they saw it.” They came and were questioned and told them that they had seen it.

Mawla ‘Alī radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anh related from the version of Abu Hudhayfa al-Arhabi, “The moon was split when we were with the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam.”

‘Anas bin Mālik radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anh said, “The people of Makkah asked the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam to show them a sign and He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam showed them the splitting of the moon in two so that they saw Mount Hira between the two halves.”

In the version of Mámar and others from Qatadah radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anh it says that He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam showed them the splitting of the moon in two, and Allah azzawajal revealed, “The Hour has drawn near and the moon has been split.” (54:1)

(Qādī ‘Iyād al-Malikī, ash-Shifa’, pp. 156 – 157, Chapter: The Miracles and Karamah of the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam Madīnah Press Inverness. Scotland)

The beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam fasting in Shábān

by Seeker

Sayyidunā ‘Abdullah bin Abī Qays radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anhu narrates that he heard Umm al-Mu’minīn Sayyidāh ‘Ayesha Siddīqah radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anha saying,

‘Sha’bān was my beloved husband’s sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam favourite month. He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam fasted in this month and then would join it with Ramadhan.’ (Sunan Abu Dawūd, (2:319 #2431))

Sayyidunā ‘Usama bin Zayd radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anhu says,

‘I asked the beloved Prophet Muhammad sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam, ‘Oh Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam, I have seen you fasting in the month of Shábān so frequently that I have never seen you fasting in any other month.’ The beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam replied, ‘Sha’bān is a month between Rajab and Ramadhan which is neglected by many people. It is a month in which an account of the deeds (of human beings) is presented before the Lord of the Universe, so, I wish that my deeds be presented at a time when I am in a state of fasting.’’ (Sunan Nasā’ī (4:207 #2353))

Umm al-Mu’minīn Sayyidāh ‘Ayesha Siddīqah radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anha says,

‘I have never seen the beloved Prophet sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam fasting in a month more frequently than He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam did in Sha’bān. In fact, He sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam fasted all through Sha’bān and would say, ‘perform actions according to your strength and ability because Allah azzawajal does not withhold His mercy and bounty as long as you do not tire.’’ (Sahih al-Bukhārī (2:298 #1970))

Allah has created for every human a house…

by Seeker

Sayyidunā Abu Hurayrah radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anhu narrates that the beloved Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,

“Allah created for every human a house in paradise and another house in the hellfire. The believers will take possession of their houses (in paradise) and also inherit the houses of the disbelievers. The disbelievers will remain in their own houses in the hellfire.”

Sayyidunā Abu Hurayrah radiyAllāhu ta’ālā ‘anhu narrates that the beloved Messenger of Allah sall Allāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,

“Every one of you, without exception, has two houses; one in paradise and the other in the hellfire. When a man dies and enters hellfire, his house (in paradise) shall be inherited by a man from the dwellers in paradise.” (Sunan ibn Majah)

Imam al-Qurtubi, at-Tadkirah

Hadith: This is the 15th of Shábān. In this night, Allah azzawajal frees a large number of people from the fire…

by Seeker

Ummul Múminīn Sayyidāh Ayesha Siddīqah rađiyAllāhu ánha narrates that the Master of Creation śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

‘Jibrāýīl álayhis salām came to me and said, ‘This is the 15th of Shábān. In this night, Allah azzawajal frees a large number of people from the fire, more than the number of the hair growing on the sheep of the tribe of Bani Kalb. But He azzawajal does not even look at a person who associates partners with Allah azzawajal, or at a person who nourishes malice in his heart (against someone), or at a person who cuts off the ties of kinship, or at a man who leaves his clothes extending beyond his ankles (as a sign of pride), or at a person who disobeys his parents, or at a person who has a habit of drinking wine.’ (Shúab ul-Īmān, vol. 3, pp. 383, Dar ul-Kutubul Ilmiyyah. Beirut)

The narration which Imām Aḥmed rađiyAllāhu ánhu has taken from Sayyidunā Ábdullah ibn Úmar ibn Zayd rađiyAllāhu ánhuma mentions a murderer as well. (Musnad Imām Aḥmed, vol. 2, pp. 589, Ḥadīth 6653, Dar ul-Fikr. Beirut)

Sayyidunā Murra rađiyAllāhu ánhu narrates that our Master, the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said, ‘On the 15th of Shábān, Allah azzawajal forgives everyone on the earth except the disbelievers and those who nourish malice in their hearts (against someone).’ (Al-Muntajar Arābih, pp. 376, Ḥadīth 769, Dar al-Khidr. Beirut)

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