Islam

Month: November, 2010

light appears…

by Seeker

Abū Hurayrah rađiyAllāhu ánhu reports,

We were once performing the Ishā salâh behind Rasûlullâh śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam when Ĥasan and Husayn rađiyAllāhu ánhuma jumped on Rasûlullâh śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam blessed back as he prostrated in Sajdah. When he got up from Sajdah, Rasûlullâh śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam gently lowered them off his back but as soon as he went back into Sajdah, they again jumped on his back. When Rasûlullâh śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam finally completed the salâh, he put them to sit on his lap. I then got up and offered,‘O Rasûlullâh śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam! Should I take them back home?’ Just then a streak of lightning flashed and Rasûlullâh śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said to the two boys, “You had better be going to your mother.” The light of the lightning then remained (to guide them home on that very dark night) until they entered their mother’s house.[1]


[1] Abu Nu’aym, Dala’il

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Eighteen guidelines of Sayyidunā ‘Umar radiyAllāhu ‘anh

by Seeker

Sa’eed bin Musayyib raĥimahullah reports that there were eighteen guidelines[1] that Sayyidunā ‘Umar rađiyAllāhu ánhu formulated for the people, every one of which is replete with wisdom. He said,

(1) When someone disobeys Allah in matter that impacts on you, you can give him no punishment worse than obeying Allah in matters that impact on him.

(2) Always assume the best about your brother unless you learn something about him that you absolutely cannot reconcile.

(3) Never assume the worst about any statement that a Muslim makes as long as you are able to make a favourable interpretation.

(4) The person who exposes himself to slander must never rebuke anyone who holds a bad opinion of him.

(5) Whoever guards his secrets will retain the choice in his hands.

(6) Ensure that you keep true friends to stay under their wings because they are a source of beauty during times of prosperity and a means of protection during times of hardship.

(7) Always speak the truth even though it leads to your death.

(8) Never delve into matters that do not concern you.

(9) Do not ask about matters that have not occurred because that which has already taken place is enough to preoccupy you from that which has not.

(10) Never seek your needs from one who does not want to see your success.

(11) Never treat false oaths lightly because Allah will then destroy you.

(12) Never keep the company of the sinners to learn from their sinful ways.

(13) Keep away from your enemy.

(14) Beware even of your friends, except for the trustworthy one and none can be trustworthy unless he fears Allah.

(15) Be humble when in the graveyard,

(16) Submit to Allah’s obedience and

(17) Seek Allah’s protection at the time of disobeying His commands.

(18) Consult with those who fear Allah because Allah says:

From Allah’s bondsmen, it is only those with knowledge (those who recognise Him) who fear Him. [Sūrah Fātir, verse 28]

Muĥammad bin Shihāb reports that Sayyidunā ‘Umar rađiyAllāhu ánhu said,

Never delve into matters that do not concern you, keep your distance from your enemy and be cautious even of your friends unless he is a trustworthy person because nothing can compare with a trustworthy person. Never keep the company of a sinner because he will teach you his sinful ways and never disclose your secrets to him. Always consult with those who fear Allah.[2]


[1] Kanz al-Ummal, vol. 8, pp. 235

[2] Abu Nu’aym, Hilya

Breaking one’s fast during Ramadan without an excuse

by Seeker

From Imām Dhāhbhī’s, al-Kabā’ir [major sins],

Allah, the Most High, says,

O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self restraint. (Fasting) for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. (Al-Baqarah: 183-184)

The noble Prophet śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

Islam is built upon five pillars: Testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, performing prayers, paying Zakat, making pilgrimage and fasting in Ramadan.[1]

It was related that the noble Prophet śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

Whoever breaks a fast during Ramadan without an excuse or illness could not requite it by fasting a lifetime, were he to do so.[2]

Ibn ‘Abbās rađiyAllāhu ánhu said,

Principles of Islam are three: testifying that there is no god but Allah, prayers and fasting in Ramadan. Whoever misses anyone of them has disbelieved.[3]


[1] Reported by al-Bukhârī

[2] Reported by Abū Dawūd, At-Tirmizī, Ibn Majah and ad-Daramī

[3] Reported by Abū Ya’la and al-Haytamī

description of jahannum

by Seeker

From Imām Mālik’s, al-Muwatta:

Description of Jahannum

[1] Mālik related to me from Abū Zinad from al-A’raj from Abū Hurayrah rađiyAllāhu ánhu that the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

“The fire of the children of Adam which they kindle is a seventieth part of the fire of Jahannum.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, this fire is certainly enough.” He śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said, “That fire is sixty-nine times greater.”

[Bukhârī 3092 and Muslim]

[2] Mālik related to me from his paternal uncle, Abū Suhayl ibn Mālik, from his father that Abū Hurayrah rađiyAllāhu ánhu said,

Do you think that it is red like this fire of yours? It is blacker than tar.

knowledge

by Seeker

From Imām Mālik’s, al-Muwatta:

Seeking Knowledge

[1] Yahya related to me from Mālik that he heard that Luqman the Sage made his will and counselled his son, saying, “My son! Sit with the learned men and keep close to them. Allah gives life to the hearts with the light of wisdom as Allah gives life to the dead earth with the abundant rain of the sky.”

chapter: on it being forbidden to sit on graves

by Seeker

From Imām an-Nawawī’s, Riyadh as-Salihīn:

1766. Abū Hurayrah rađiyAllâhu ánhu reported that the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

It would be better for one of you to sit on a hot coal which burned his clothes and reached his skin than to sit on a grave. [Muslim]

chapter: on it being forbidden to get ahead of the imām in coming up from bowing or prostration

by Seeker

From Imām an-Nawawī’s, Riyadh as-Salihīn:

1751. Abū Hurayrah rađiyAllāhu ánhu reported that the noble Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

Do not those of you who raise their heads before the Imām fear lest Allah turn their heads into donkey-heads or that Allah will make their shape that of a donkey? [Agreed upon]

chapter: on forbidding obscene and coarse language

by Seeker

From Imām an-Nawawī’s, Riyadh as-Salihīn:

1734. Ibn Mas’ūd rađiyAllāhu ánhu reported that the noble Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

A believer is not a defamer, a curser, obscene or coarse. [at-Tirmizī]

1735. Anas rađiyAllāhu ánhu reported that the noble Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

There is no obscenity in a thing without that marring it, and there is no modesty in a thing without that adorning it. [at-Tirmizī]

chapter: on it being disliked to wish for death because of some harm which has befallen a person, but there is no objection to it if it is because of fear of trial in the deen

by Seeker

From Imām an-Nawawī’s, Riyadh as-Salihīn:

585. Abū Hurayrah rađiyAllāhu ánhu reported that the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

None of you should wish for death. If he does good, he may increase in it, and if he does evil, he may turn in repentance. [Agreed upon. This is the version of al-Bukhârī]

In a variant in Muslim, Abū Hurayrah reported that the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

None of you should wish for death and he should not pray for it before it comes to him. When he dies, his actions come to an end. A believer’s life only increases him in good.

586. Anas reported: The beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam said,

None of you should wish for death because of some harm which has befallen him. If he has got to do something, he should say, ‘O Allah, make live if life is best for me and make me die if death is best for me.’ [Agreed upon]

587. Qays ibn Abī Hāzim said,

We visited Khabbab ibn al-Aratt when he was ill and he had been cupped seven times. He said, ‘Our companions who went before us have gone and this world did not cause them any decrease. We have acquired so much that the only way to spend it is in constructing buildings. If it were not that the beloved Messenger of Allah śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, had forbidden us to pray for death, I would have prayed for it.’ Then we came to him again when he was repairing one of his walls and he said, ‘A Muslim is rewarded for everything he spends except for what he invests in buildings.’ [Agreed upon. This is the version of al-Bukhârī]

narration from the prophet śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam that speak about the unseen future

by Seeker

From Ibn Kathir’s, Book of The End: Great Trials and Tribulations:

In a narration related by ‘Ilyān ibn Aĥmad al-Bakrī, Abū Zaid al-Ansārī said,

“The Prophet śallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam led us in the morning prayer, after which he climbed the pulpit and addressed us until Zuhr. He descended, prayed ‘Asr, and then climbed the pulpit again, speaking to us until the setting of the sun. He spoke to us about what was and what will be; he informed us (thereof) and made us memorize (that information).” (Aĥmad)

Ibn Kathir, Book of The End: Great Trials and Tribulations, pp. 32, Dar us-Salâm.

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